Antibiotic eye drops or ointment are placed in a newborn’s eyes after birth. This is to protect babies from getting bacterial eye infections that can occur during birth. Untreated, these infections can cause serious problems including blindness. The antibiotic erythromycin is used most often.
What is the purpose of eye prophylaxis in the newborn?
Eye prophylaxis is given to newborns to prevent eye infections through sexually transmitted diseases. After birth, your baby’s nurse will place medicated eye ointment in your baby’s eyes to prevent potential infection or blindness from gonorrhea and chlamydia infections.
Why do we give erythromycin to newborns?
Erythromycin eye ointment is applied within the first hour after birth to prevent gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum: 0.5% erythromycin ophthalmic ointment is instilled within each eye.
Can you use eye drops on a newborn?
Healthcare professionals often give antibacterial eye drops to newborns to prevent infections. These eye drops can sometimes cause irritation that can result in symptoms of conjunctivitis.
Why do parents decline vitamin K for their newborns?
Background and Objective: Despite American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations, some parents refuse IM vitamin K as prophylaxis against vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) for their newborn.
Why do they put silver nitrate in newborns eyes?
Crede’s method of instilling a drop of 2% aqueous solution of silver nitrate into a newborn’s eyes was first published in 1881 and significantly advanced the prevention of neonatal conjunctivitis. Silver nitrate is a surface-active chemical that facilitates agglutination and inactivation of gonococci.
Why do they give newborns sugar water?
Why is sugar water used for babies? Some hospitals use sugar water to help babies with pain during a circumcision or other surgeries. At the pediatrician’s office, sugar water could be given to reduce pain when the baby is being given a shot, a foot prick, or having blood drawn.
How do you give erythromycin to a newborn?
Apply a half-inch (1cm) strip of ointment inside the inner surface of your child’s lower eyelid. Let go of their lower eyelid and ask your child to close their eyes for a few minutes. Put the top back on the ointment tube.
Is erythromycin safe for infants?
Infants prescribed systemic erythromycin had increased risk of IHPS, with the highest risk in the first 2 weeks of age (relative risk = 10.51 for erythromycin in first 2 weeks, 95% CI 4.48, 24.66). Erythromycin ophthalmic ointment for conjunctivitis was not associated with increased risk of IHPS.