If a baby is forcefully shaken, his or her fragile brain moves back and forth inside the skull. This causes bruising, swelling and bleeding. Shaken baby syndrome usually occurs when a parent or caregiver severely shakes a baby or toddler due to frustration or anger — often because the child won’t stop crying.
What happens when you shake a baby’s head?
Babies have very weak neck muscles that cannot fully support their proportionately large heads. Severe shaking causes the baby’s head to move violently back and forth, resulting in serious and sometimes fatal brain injury. These forces are exaggerated if the shaking is interrupted by the baby’s head hitting a surface.
When do symptoms of shaken baby syndrome appear?
SBS happens most often in infants up to one year, with infants aged two to four months being most at risk. SBS does not usually happen after age two, but children as old as five or six can be damaged in this way if the shaking is extremely violent.
Can you shake a baby’s brain?
Shaking a baby or young child can cause their brain to repeatedly hit the inside of the skull. This impact can trigger bruising in the brain, bleeding in the brain, and brain swelling. Other injuries may include broken bones as well as damage to the baby’s eyes, spine, and neck.
How do I know if baby is OK after hitting head?
excessive bruising and/or swelling. vomiting more than once. unusual sleepiness and/or difficulty staying alert. loss of consciousness or not responding to voice/touch.
Is it OK to shake baby to sleep?
When they are shaken, the brain slams back and forth inside the skull, resulting in bleeding around the brain and damage to the brain itself. Some babies may even stop breathing, which can cause further brain damage. The shaking can also cause bleeding into the back of the eyes.
What are two signs a baby has been shaken?
Shaken baby syndrome symptoms and signs include: Extreme fussiness or irritability. Difficulty staying awake. Breathing problems.
Can you go to jail for shaken baby syndrome?
Normally a defendant will face a mandatory five year minimum jail sentence for these charges. When the baby dies, the charge is murder or manslaughter and these jail sentences can be much longer. 20 to 40 years for third degree murder. Life imprisonment and even the death penalty for first degree murder.
Can jumping with baby cause brain damage?
When a baby is shaken hard by the shoulders, arms, or legs, it can cause learning disabilities, behavior disorders, vision problems or blindness, hearing and speech issues, seizures, cerebral palsy, serious brain injury, and permanent disability. In some cases, it can be fatal.
What is purple crying?
This term describes crying that tends to appear or intensify in the late afternoon and evening hours, and it’s pretty common. While much about the PURPLE cry is unexpected and maddening, you may be able to prepare yourself by understanding the rhythm of when it happens from day to day.
How do I get my baby to stop shaking?
- Walk away. Put the baby in a safe place, like a crib. …
- Move your body. Regular exercise releases endorphins, a chemical in the brain that can improve your mood and make your feel less stressed.
- Breathe deeply. …
- Make time for yourself. …
- Smile. …
- Keep a journal. …
- Call a friend. …
- Ask for help.
Is baby shuddering normal?
Shuddering attacks (sometimes called “shuddering spells”) are one very specific, normal example of a weird baby movement that’s normal and means nothing. They’re not super-common, but they’re not super-uncommon either.