Can pregnancy cause swollen gums?

Some women get swollen and sore gums, which may bleed, during pregnancy. Bleeding gums are caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can make your gums more vulnerable to plaque, leading to inflammation and bleeding. This is also called pregnancy gingivitis or gum disease.

What does pregnancy gingivitis look like?

Pregnancy gingivitis is very similar to the gingivitis that occurs outside of pregnancy, and can include a mild inflammation of the gums due to plaque buildup, with red and sore gums that bleed when probed. If you have red, sensitive, or swollen gums during pregnancy, you’re not alone.

Do the gums in your mouth swell when pregnant?

About 60 to 75 percent of pregnant women have swollen, red, tender gums that bleed when flossed or brushed. This gum inflammation is pregnancy gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease. Pregnancy gingivitis is partly caused by hormonal changes that make your gums more sensitive to the bacteria in plaque.

Can pregnancy hormones cause swollen gums?

An increased level of progesterone in particular can increase your susceptibility to bacterial plaque causing gingivitis which is most noticeable during the second to eighth month of pregnancy. This condition is called pregnancy gingivitis where the gums become swollen and bleed easily.

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Can gingivitis harm my baby?

Gingivitis can cause complications in your mouth and even for your pregnancy. Periodontitis is a more advanced stage of gum disease that can spread down to the bone. If you develop periodontitis, your baby-to-be may be at an increased risk of preterm birth or low birth weight, among other health conditions.

What is the fastest way to heal swollen gums?

Home remedies for swollen gums

  1. Mix 1 teaspoon of salt and 8 ounces of lukewarm warm water.
  2. Rinse your mouth with this saltwater solution for 30 seconds.
  3. Spit it out; do not swallow it.
  4. Do this 2 to 3 times a day until the swelling goes away.

Can gingivitis cause miscarriage?

Effects of gum disease on a growing fetus range depending upon the severity and timing of infection. Periodontal disease in an expectant mother can even lead to miscarriage or stillbirth. And the cause can be as simple as gestational gingivitis—something that is easily overlooked, even by doctors.

When do swollen gums start in pregnancy?

The same pregnancy hormones that cause your mucous membranes to swell and your sinuses to clog up also inflame your gums from around week 15 of pregnancy on, making them more likely to bleed easily.

Can your gums hurt in early pregnancy?

Sensitive Teeth And Pregnancy

Pregnancy causes a rush of hormones and increases blood flow thus causing swollen gums and sore teeth. Pregnant women are more susceptible to gum disease and sensitive teeth because they react differently to bacteria. This increases plaque build-up and potential damage to teeth.

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Why do my teeth and gums hurt during pregnancy?

The most common causes of sensitive teeth during pregnancy include: Hormones. According to the American Pregnancy Association (APA), pregnancy hormones can actually affect the way your body responds to bacteria, which can lead to periodontal infection and – you guessed it – sore teeth and gums. Increased blood flow.

What is a pregnancy tumor in the mouth?

What Are Pregnancy Tumors? Pregnancy tumors — also known as pyogenic granulomas — are not cancerous. As an article in the Journal of International Oral Health (JIOH) describes, they are hemorrhagic swellings that occur mostly in the gum tissue of pregnant women.