What causes a baby’s head to grow too fast?

It’s normal for a baby’s head to grow a lot during the first year. But with congenital hydrocephalus, the head may grow faster than the normal rate for a baby’s height and weight. The condition may cause the soft spot (fontanelle) on your baby’s head to feel firm or bulge out.

How can you tell if your baby has hydrocephalus?

Symptoms of Pediatric Hydrocephalus

The most obvious sign of hydrocephalus in infants is a rapid increase in head circumference or an unusually large head size. Other symptoms may include seizures, vomiting, sleepiness, irritability, or eyes that constantly gaze downward.

How do you know if your baby’s head is growing too fast?

When there is a rapid increase in the size of a baby’s head or skull it may be hydrocephaly if one or more of the following symptoms are also seen: Bulging or tense fontanel or soft spot. Bulging eyes. Downward gaze or sunsetting eyes – eyes looking down.

How can I reduce my baby’s head size?

Try these tips:

  1. Practice tummy time. Provide plenty of supervised time for your baby to lie on the stomach while awake during the day. …
  2. Vary positions in the crib. Consider how you lay your baby down in the crib. …
  3. Hold your baby more often. …
  4. Change the head position while your baby sleeps.
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What is abnormal head circumference?

Macrocephaly refers to an overly large head. It’s often a symptom of complications or conditions in the brain. There’s a standard used to define macrocephaly: The circumference of a person’s head is more than two standard deviations above average for their age. Or, their head is larger than the 98th percentile.

How long do babies with hydrocephalus live?

Most of the newborns born with hydrocephalus will have a normal lifespan, and approximately 40 to 50 percent will have normal intelligence. Seizure disorders have been diagnosed in about 10 percent of children with hydrocephalus. The mortality rate for infants is approximately 5 percent.

What is the most common cause of hydrocephalus in infants?

The most common cause of acquired hydrocephalus in infants is hemorrhage, most often as a consequence of prematurity. Other important causes include neoplasm and infection, usually bacterial meningitis.

What is the head circumference of a 3 month old baby?

Having a normal head circumference for a 3-month old, approximately 15¼ to 16¼ inches can be an important indicator of a newborn’s health and is one of the key measurements your pediatrician will take regularly through this important developmental stage.